The jurisdictions below share the common features of what have come to be known as Personal Property Security Act (PPSA) schemes. Originally, the Canadian and New Zealand PPSAs were modelled on Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. These Acts have themselves become the model for reform in other jurisdictions, such has Australia. The UNCITRAL Legislative Guide on Secured Transactions has been a tool in recent reforms in Malawi and Ghana. Please click the links below for more information on each jurisdiction. You can also view an Outline of a typical PPSA scheme, presented at our recent Conference on Secured Transaction Reform in Other Jurisdictions by Professor Hugh Beale.